Saturday, March 17, 2012

List of Bohol, Philippines Flora and Fauna

While there is no list for Cebu, the species of plants/trees/flowers are about the same, so I am listing here what I find in the Wikipedia. Hopefully, I can use this as reference guide as I am trying to plant edibles in my own backyard, just like my childhood plants in Badian Cebu as a kid.
I added few that needed botanical names and personal pictures that I have taken in Badian and in my new home in ottawa, ontario, canada.

This article is from Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Bohol_flora_and_fauna

Hardwood and other tree species

  1. abihíd
  2. Acacia - Rain tree; Samanea saman Merr.; Other scientific names: Mimosa saman Jacq.; Inga saman Willd.; Pithecolobium saman Benth.; Enterolobium saman Prain
  3. almáciga - Agathis philippinensis
  4. bagakay
  5. Bagalñga (C. Bis.) - Lygodium japonicum; Paraiso
  6. bago
  7. balete - Indian rubber tree; Ficus elastica
  8. bánaba - Lagerstroemia speciosa; Queen's Flower or Crepe Myrtle and the Pride of India;
  9. bangkal - Nauclea orientalis; Leichhardt tree, yellow cheesewood
  10. bangkaw - Nauclea subdita; bulobangkal, bongkol
  11. Batinô - Alstonia macrophylla
  12. bitaóg - Calophyllkum blancoi; Calophyllum wallichianum Vidal
  13. bujangjang - Prayer beads; Arbus precatorius Linn.; saga
  14. bulí - Corypha elata Roxb.; buri
  15. kawayan - Bambusa spinosa; Bambusa vulgaris
  16. dapdap - Erythrina variegata Linn. var. orientalis (Linn.); Indian coal tree
  17. Date palm - Palmae (INTRODUCED)
  18. dorol - also called doldol; kapok (Tag.) ; Ceiba pentandra
  19. Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus globulus (INTRODUCED)
  20. Gemilina - Gmelina arborea (INTRODUCED)
  21. Ipil-ipil - Leucaena leucocephala Linn. (INTRODUCED)
  22. lauaan - Diptecarpus thurifer
  23. lubí - niyóg - Coconut - Cocos nucifera
  24. madre de cacao - kakawate; Gliricidia sepium (INTRODUCED)
  25. mahogany - Philippine Mahogany; Swietenia mahagoni (Meliaceae) (INTRODUCED)
  26. mangga - Mango; Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae); Bohol mangga
  27. mangrove - Rhizophora mangle; red mangrove; pagatpat; manggal
  28. mangrove - Avicennia nitida; black mangrove
  29. mangrove - Sonneratia
  30. mangrove - Brugiera; red mangrove
  31. mangrove - bakhawan babae; bakhawan lalake
  32. mangrove - piyapî
  33. mangrove - piyag-aw; bigî or tabigi; Xylocarpus moluccensis
  34. mangrove - Bigî (Tagb.); Xylocarpus granatum
  35. maribojoc - agoho; Casuarina equisitofolia
  36. molave - Vitex parviflora; tugás
  37. narra - Philippine cedar; Pterocarpus indicus; Pterocarpus santalinus
  38. Neem tree - Azadirachta indica (INTRODUCED)
  39. ninô or linô - Indian mulberry; Morinda citrifolia; apatot (noni juice)
  40. nipâ - Nypa fruticans; nipâ palm
  41. nitô - Lygodium japonicum
  42. oliva - olive; Cycas revoluta
  43. pitogo - Cycas
  44. papuwá - annato; Bixa orellana Linn.; suetes; atsuete (INTRODUCED)
  45. rattan - Calamus
  46. Rubber Tree - Hevea brasiliensis (Euphorbiaceae) (INTRODUCED)
  47. teak - Philippine teak; Tectona philippinensis
  48. tipó - Antipolo; Artocarpus blancoi Merr.
  49. talisay - Terminalia catappa; almond
  50. yakál - Dipterocarpus plagutus

Note: very highly regulated species in the Philippines: lauaan, narra, Philippine mahogany

[] Fruit Trees/Plants

  1. alibangbang - Bauhinia malabarica; butterfly-shaped leaves from a tree used for souring
  2. atis - sugar apple; Annona squamosa Linn.; anonas (INTRODUCED)
  3. Avocado - Persea americana; avocado (INTRODUCED)
  4. balingbing - Star fruit; Averrhoa carambola Linn.; also Averrhoa pentandra Blanco (INTRODUCED)
  5. batuan - Garcinia morella, a small sour green fruit with a large seed
  6. bayabas - Guava; Psidium guajava (INTRODUCED)
  7. boongon - pomelo; Citrus maxima
  8. bugnay - Antidesma bunius Linn.; bignay
  9. cacao - Theobroma cacao (INTRODUCED)
  10. kapeng barako - Philippine coffee; Coffea arabica; Coffea canephora or C. robusta (INTRODUCED)
  11. kaimito - caimito; Chrysophyllum caninito Linn.; star apple (INTRODUCED)
  12. chico - Achras sapota Linn.; Sapota achras Mill.; Sapota zapotilla Coville (INTRODUCED)
  13. chico- Manilkara zapote, a brown sweet fruit with black seeds (INTRODUCED)
  14. Chinese holly - Ilex cornuta (INTRODUCED)
  15. Curcuma domestica, turmeric (INTRODUCED)
  16. dayáp - Citrus aurantifolia, lime (INTRODUCED)
  17. duhat - Syzygium cumini, Java plum
  18. durian - Durio zibethinus
  19. granada - Punica granatum; Pomegranate (INTRODUCED)
  20. guyabano - Soursop; Annona muricata Linnaeus or A. muricata L. (Annonaceae); guyabano
  21. ibâ - Averrhoa bilimbi; kamias
  22. joló; koló - bread fruit; Artocarpus altilis
  23. kamátsile - Pithecellobium dulce, kamachille, Madras thorn fruit
  24. kapayas or kapajas - Papaya; Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae) (INTRODUCED)
  25. kasúy - Anacardium occidentale, cashew (INTRODUCED)
  26. lanzones - Lansium domesticum
  27. lemoncito - Citrus microcarpa; kalamansi
  28. lemoncito - Citrus madurensis, a small lime indigenous to the Philippines; also called Chinese orange, Panama orange
  29. linga - Sesamum indicum
  30. lomboy - Black plum; Syzgium cumini; duhat in Tagalog
  31. macopa - Syzygium samarangense
  32. mangga - mango ; Mangifera indica (carabao, pajo)
  33. manzanitas - datiles; ratiles; Muntingia calabura; a little cherry-like wild fruit (INTRODUCED)
  34. marang - Artocarpus odoratissima
  35. nangkâ - Jackfruit; Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.; langkâ (INTRODUCED)
  36. orange - Citrus aurantium; local orange; dalandan in Tagalog (INTRODUCED)
  37. orange - Mandarin orange; Citrus reticulata (INTRODUCED)
  38. orange - tangerine orange; Citrus nobilis ;dalandan (INTRODUCED)
  39. orange - local lemon or lime - Citrus; dayap in Tagalog (INTRODUCED)
  40. orange - Citrus medica (INTRODUCED)
  41. passion fruit - Passiflora incarnata (INTRODUCED)
  42. pili nut - Canarium ovatum
  43. pinya or pinja - Pineapple; Ananas comosus
  44. saging tundan - Banana; Musa; (Musaceae)
  45. Saging sab-a - Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  46. Saging cavendish; Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  47. Saging senyorita; Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  48. Saging morado
  49. sambag - Tamarindus indicus; tamarind; sampalok (INTRODUCED)
  50. Santol - Sandoricum koetjape Merr. (INTRODUCED)
  51. siriguelas; sineguelas in Visayan or sigarilyas in Tagalog Spondias sp
  52. suwâ-suwâ - Triphasia trifolia P. Wils.
  53. tambis - Syzygium malaccense; Malay Apple; Tersana Rose Apple
  54. tisâ
  55. Tree fern - Cyathea spp. spp.
  56. watermelon - Curcubita citrullus Linn.; also Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.; pakwan (INTRODUCED)

[edit] Vegetables

  1. ahos - Garlic; Allium sativum; bawang
  2. Alugbati - Malabar nightshade; Basella rubra Linn.
  3. batong - string beans; Bataw; Dolichos labiab Linn.
  4. carrot - karot; Daucus carota L.
  5. kabasâ - kalabasâ; squash; Cucurbita maxima Duchesne; Curcubita sulcata Blanco
  6. kamatis - Tomato; Solanum lycopersicum or Lycopersicum esculentum
  7. kamunggaymalunggay; Moringa oleifera
  8. katuray - Sesbania grandiflora, a white flower used in salads
  9. kinstsay - Apium graveolens, Chinese celery
  10. kolis - Pisonia alba, lettuce tree, also called maluko in Tagalog
  11. kulitis - Amaranthus viridis, slender amaranth
  12. kundol - Benicasa hispida; wax gourd
  13. kutsay - Allium odorum; Chinese chives
  14. Lagundî; Vitex negundo
  15. laurel - Antidesma bunius; Chinese laurel
  16. luy-a - ginger; Zingiber officinale; luya
  17. munggos - munggo; Phaseolus aureus; green mung bean
  18. mustasa - Brassica juncea v. integrifola; mustard greens
  19. okra - Abelmoschus escuclentus Linn.; also Hibiscus esculentis Linn.
  20. pandan -Pandanus odoratissimus; screw pine
  21. paliyá or palijá - Bitter melon; Momordica charantia; Ampalaya
  22. patola - Luffa cylindrica; sponge gourd
  23. patola - Luffa acutangula; Loofah
  24. pechay - Brassica chinensis; pakchoy; bokchoy
  25. pipino - cucumber; Cucumis sativus
  26. pipino - Cucumber; zuchinni; Cucurbita pepo
  27. radish; Raphanus
  28. repolyo - cabbage; Brassica oleracea
  29. saluyot - Corchorus olitorius; Jew's mallow
  30. sayote - Sechium edule; chayote; mirliton pear
  31. sibuyas bombay - Onion; Allium cepa
  32. sibuyas dahon - Allium sativum
  33. sili - Capsicum annuum; chili
  34. sili'ng kulikot - Capsicum frutescens; siling labuyo; Cayenne
  35. sili- pepper; Solanum capsicum (Solanaceae)
  36. singkamas - Pachyrhizus erosus; yambean
  37. tangkong or kangkong; Ipomoea aquatica; swamp cabbage, potato vine
  38. tawong or talong; eggplant - Solanum melongena
  39. Ocimum sanctum - holy basil
  40. upo - Lagenaria leucantha; bottle gourd
  41. Corindrium sativum - coriander leaf

[edit] Flowering plants

  1. adelfa - Oleander; South sea rose; Nerium indicum Mill.; Neroum oleander Blanco; Nerium odorum Soland.
  2. alas kuwatro- 4 o clock Mirabilis jalapa
  3. antuwanga - Gumamela; Hibiscus; China Rose; Shoeflower; Hibiscus rosa sinensis
  4. Asparagus (genus) - Green fern, for bouquets; Asparagus plumosus
  5. Aster
  6. bahug-bahug - Vernonia cinerea; bulak-manok; Billy Goat Weed
  7. banaba - Lagerstroemia speciosa
  8. bangka-bangkaan - Rhoeo discolor
  9. Bird of Paradise (plant) - Strelitzia reginae
  10. bombil - bougainvillea; Bougainvillea
  11. Bromeliad
  12. bunga - Areca nut; Areca catechu; Areca alba (lubi lubi)
  13. caballero - peacock flower; Caesalpinia pulcherrima Linn.; bulaklak ng paraiso
  14. ComfreySymphytum officinale L (tambal sa nuka)
  15. cosmos - Cosmos (genus)
  16. cosmos (bahô) - Tagetes erecta
  17. Chrysanthemum - Chrysanthemum sinense; manzanilla
  18. Daisy
  19. Dancing lady
  20. Dandelion- Taraxacum officinale Weber; Leontodon taraxacum Linn.; Taraxacum dens-leonis Desf.
  21. Dendrobium
  22. duranta - "Duranta repens Linn."; golden duranta
  23. Ginseng
  24. Ground orchids
  25. ilang ilang - also known as Ylang-ylang; Cananga odorata
  26. Japanese rose - Rosa rugosa
  27. kalachuchi - frangipani; Plumeria; Plumiera rubra
  28. kataká-taká - Kalanchoe pinnata (synonym: Bryophyllum pinnatum)
  29. kalanchoe - Kalanchoe sp.
  30. kamantigi - mantigi; Touch me not; Impatiens balsamina
  31. kutsaritas - Althernanthera sp.; (Amaranthaceae)
  32. kulitis - Amaranthus spinosus; uray
  33. kumintang - also tsitsirika; rosy periwinkle; Catharanthus roseus
  34. lirio - Crinum latifolim Linn.
  35. Maiden’s hair plant - Chlorodesmis sp.
  36. Marigold - Calendula, tagetes
  37. mayana or majanaColeus sp.; Coleus blumei
  38. Million flower-kalanchoe
  39. pamintâ - Piper nigrum; black pepper
  40. pandong pandong - Celosia cristata Linn.; cock's comb
  41. Paragayo - san francisco
  42. Poinsettia - Euphorbia pulcherrima
  43. quiapo - kiapo; water cabbage; Pistia stratiotes
  44. rosál - Gardenia jasminioides; Gardenia
  45. rose - Rose; Genus: Rosa
  46. sabilaAloe vera
  47. sagisi - Anahaw
  48. sagusahis – used as sandpaper for desks
  49. sampaguita - Jasmine; Jasminum sambac Linn.
  50. santal ?
  51. santanIxora sp.
  52. sunflower - Helianthus annuus
  53. tsampaka - Michelia champaca
  54. Verbena - Verbena officinalis
  55. violeta - bayolota; violets; Viola odorata L.
  56. waling-waling- Vanda
  57. yellow bell - kampanilya; Allamanda cathartica

[edit] Bohol endemic species

  1. Arygyreia boholensis (Convolvulaceae)
  2. Blumea stenophylla (Labiatae)
  3. Dendrocalamus sp.- large bamboos; kawayan
  4. Dischidias (Asclepiadaceae)
  5. Hoyas -hoya spp
  6. Imperata cylindrica
  7. Ixora littoralis (Rubiaceae)
  8. Macrosolena mcgregorii (Loranthaceae)
  9. Saccharum spontaneum
  10. Several Compositae
  11. lukdo - ferns

Source: [4]

[edit] Grasses/Herbs/Weeds

  1. abacá - Musa textilis; Manila Hemp
  2. acapulco - Cassia alata
  3. amor seco - Love grass; Andropogon aciculatus
  4. Bahô-bahô- Utot-utot; koronitas; kantutay; Lantana camara
  5. bilâ bilâ - Eleusine indica L.; dog's tail; wire grass
  6. bugáng - talahib; Saccharum spontaneum
  7. butones butones - Cyperus rotundus
  8. cogon - kogon; Imperata cylindrica
  9. Euphorbia hirta Linn.
  10. fern 1 - Athyrium esculentum; pako
  11. fern 2 - bird's nest fern; Asplenium nidus Linn.
  12. fern 3 - Drynaria quercifolia Linn.
  13. Gulasiman - Portulaca olearacea (Linn.); Purslane
  14. Hibî-hibîmakahiya;hiyom-hiyom, Mimosa pudica (sensitive plant)
  15. humay - rice; Oryza sativa; palay
  16. Kana (Bis.) - Cardiospermum halicacabum; Heart Pea; Balloon Vine
  17. Kanding-kanding - Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
  18. maís - corn
  19. Oregano - Origanum vulgare; Wild Marjoram, Mountain Mint, Origanum, Wintersweet and Winter Marjoram
  20. oregano - Coleus aromaticus Benth.
  21. peppermint - Clinopodium douglasii
  22. Quisqualis indica - Chinese honeysuckle; "niyog-niyogan"
  23. sábila - Aloe Vera; Aloe barbadensis Miller Liquid
  24. Sambong- Blumea camphora ; Blumea balsamifera L.
  25. sinaw sinaw or sida sida - Ulasimang Bato; Peperomia pellucida; pansit-pansitan
  26. tangad or tanglad - lemon grass; Cymbopogon citratus; Cymbopogon spp.
  27. tawá tawá - Euphorbia hirta; boto-botonis; gatas-gatas
  28. tubó - sugar cane; Saccharum
  29. Tubá-tubá - Jatropha curcas; also known as Tubang Bakod in Tagalog; Physic Nut in English or interchangeably tubá-tubá or Jatropha (Tuba-Tuba Plant Seeds (Jatropha) to Bio-diesel Fuel)
  30. Wild Tea - Ehretia microphylla Lam; Tsaang Gubat
  31. Yerba Buena - Mentha spicata

[edit] Root crops

  1. apale
  2. balanghoy - Cassava; Manihot esculenta Crantz; kamoteng kahoy
  3. camote - Sweet potatoes; Ipomoea batatas
  4. gabi - taro; Colocasia esculenta Linn.
  5. patatas - potatoes; Solanum tuberosum
  6. singkamas - Pachyrrhizus erosus Linn.
  7. Ube kinampay - purple yam; Dioscorea alata
  8. Ube- yam; Dioscorea alata
  9. other cash crops

[edit] Seaweeds

  1. Acetabularia
  2. ambáng
  3. Chlorella
  4. Codium fragile
  5. eelgrasses - seagrasses; thalasia
  6. guaman - Gracilaria compressa
  7. gusô - Eucheuma spinosum
  8. kelp - Macrocystis
  9. Laminaria
  10. latôCaulerpa racemosa
  11. Laurencia
  12. lukót
  13. Porphyra
  14. SamôSargassum
  15. Ulothrix
  16. Ulva - sea lettuce

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